POPULIST EFFECT IN USE OF ART TO MANIPULATE FINANCIAL STATEMENT IN MFIs

Achmad Ridwan Sholeh, Iwan Triyuwono, Muhammad Achsin

Abstract


Praktik creative accounting atau manipulasi laporan keuangan merupakan jalan pintas bagi setiap entitas demi mencapai tujuan-tujuan tertentu. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengungkap motif-motif yang tersaji atas praktik manipulasi laporan keuangan pada LKM (Lembaga Keswadayaan Masyarakat) Karapan Sapi. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian di lapangan didapat bahwa LKM Karapan Sapi melakukan praktik manipulasi pada pengelola keuangan (UPK). UPK melakukan praktik manipulasi dengan cara rescheduling pada akun pinjaman agar biaya resiko pinjaman menjadi rendah pada laporan laba rugi. Hal ini menyebabkan penekanan pada sisi biaya, sehingga memperbesar pendapatan. Berdasarkan penggalian motif atas praktik yang dilakukan oleh UPK LKM Karapan Sapi, maka didapatkan hasil bahwa pengelola keuangan ingin menyelamatkan alokasi simpan pinjam yang ada pada dana bantuan pemerintah dibawah program PNPM. Terdapat indikasi bahwa pengurus berusaha meningkatkan kepercayaan masyarakat terhadap mereka

Kata kunci: Manipulasi, Laporan Keuangan, LKM

                                                           ABSTRACT

Creative accounting practices are shortcuts for every entity in order to achieves some special purposes. This study aimed to uncover the motives of creative accounting practices in MFIs (Self-Supporting Community Organization) Karapan Sapi. This study uses interpretive paradigm with a case study approach in order to know well the creative accounting practices that have taken place and ongoing. Based on the results of field research found that MFI Karapan Sapi do the creative accounting at UPK (Financial Management Unit). UPK is one of three units in the body of the MFI Karapan Sapi that focus in saving and loans. UPK do the creative accounting by rescheduling excessively the loan of KSM (group of creditor) in order to lower the cost of loss reserve account in income statement. Based on the field information, the motive of  creative accounting practices by UPK MFI Karapan Sapi, it showed that the UPK would like to save the allocation of loan that exist in government funding under the PNPM program and there is an indication that UPK want to pull up the image of MFI management.

Keywords: Manipulation, Financial Statement, MFIs


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9876/10.9876/VOL1ISSN1978-743X

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