Farmer Community Emowerment in Indonesia

Ike Arni Noventi

Abstract


Food sufficiency is closely related to a country’s political stability. In order to achieve food sufficiency, local government need to conduct agriculture development which more focus on farmer community empowerment as main actor of ariculture development. This research aims to describe the efforts of local governmnet in empowering farmer community and analyze the appropriateness of those efforts with community empowerment concept. Descriptive research method with qualitative approach is used in this research. The result shows that local government has conducted farmer community empowerment efforts through several activities which are appropriate with the concept of community empowerment such as training, counseling, forming network, socialiszation, and providing loan. However, local government also gives subsidies and grant which are contrary to the concept of community empowerment and have potential to increase the dependence of the farmer on the local government.


Keywords


empowerment, farmer community empowerment, agriculture development

Full Text:

PDF

References


Eko, Sutoro. (2002). Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Desa. Samarinda: Badan Diklat Provinsi Kaltim.

Local Government of Malang Regency. (2010). Human Development Index 2011. Malang: Local Government of Malang Regency.

Mangowal, Jack. (2013). Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Petani dalam Meningkatkan Pengembangan Ekonomi Pedesaan di Desa Tumani Kecamatan Maesan kabupaten Minahasa Selatan. Available at: https://www.google.co.id/url?sa=t&rct= j&q = &esrc=s&source=web&cd=2&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwi2gcWG75vXAhXJH5QKHY6mDBEQFggwMAE&url=https%3A%2F%2Fejournal.unsrat.ac.id%2Findex.php%2Fgovernance%2Farticle%2FviewFile%2F1481%2F1179&usg=AOvVaw2GoQ1p8dGRXppnx2_-kYin. [Be Accessed on October 9th, 2017].

Maxwell, Daniel. (2012). Food Security and Its Implications for Political Stability: A Humanitarian Persective. Available at: https://www.google.co.id/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=2&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwihr-S92vHWAhUMMI8 KHX2EAF0Q Fgg_MAE&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.fao.org%2Ffileadmin%2Ftemplates%2Fcfs_high_level_forum%2Fdocuments%2FFS-Implications Political_Stability-Maxwell. pdf&usg= Aov Vaw 0Z2C2UH5tyeWlK_aeEgw6g. [Be Accessed on October 9th, 2017].

Miles, B. Huberman. (1992). Analisa Data Kualitatif. Jakarta: UI Pers.

Miles, Mathew B., Michael Huberman, & Johnny Saldana. (2014). Qualitative Data Analysis: A Methods Sourcebook. London: Sage Publication Ltd.

Moleong, Lexy J. (2000). Metode Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: Rosda Karya.

Sadono, Dwi. (2008). Pemberdayaan Petani: Paradigma Baru Penyuluhan Pertanian di Indonesia. Jurnal Penyuluhan Vol. 4 No. 1 : 65-74. Available at : http://repository.ipb.ac.id/jspui/bitstream/123456789/43076/1/Dwi%20Sadono.pdf. [Be Accessed on October 9th, 2017].

Saragih, Henry. (2009). Pandangan Petani atas Kebijakan Pertanian Pemerintah Tahun 2008. Available at: https://www.google. co.id/url? sa=t&rct= j&q=&esrc=s&source= web&cd =7&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwjLoIPvloDXAhWJpY8KHb6oDrUQFghOMAY&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.spi.or.id%2Fwp-content%2 Fuploads%2F2008%2F01%2Fpandangan_petani_2008.pdf&usg=AOvVaw06Nk3zhM7Jdm18gIZyZS1Q. [Be Accessed on October 9th, 2017].

Suharto, Edi. (2009). Membangun Masyarakat, Memberdayakan Masyarakat. Malang : Refika Aditama Unmuh.

Sulistiyani, Ambar Teguh. 2007. Kemitraan dan Model-Model Pemberdayaan. Yogyakarta: Gaya Media.

Sujarwoto, S. (2017). Why decentralization works and does not works? A systematic literature review. Journal of Public Administration Studies, 1(3), 1-10.

Sujarwoto, S. (2012). Political decentralization and local public services performance in Indonesia. Journal of Public Administration and Governance, 2(3), 55-84.

Sujarwoto, S., & Tampubolon, G. (2013). Mother's social capital and child health in Indonesia. Social Science & Medicine, 91, 1-9.

Widiarta, Aero; Isma Rosyida; Rajib Gandi; Hukmayra Secelia Muswar. (2009). Peasant Empowerment Through Social Capital Reinforcement: Road to Sustainable Organic Agriculture Development. Assian Journal of Food and Agro-Industry S297-S306.

Wrihatnolo, Randy R. (2007). Manajemen Pemberdayaan: Sebuah Pengantar dan Panduan untuk Pemberdayaan Masyarakat. Jakarta: PT. Alex Mudia Komputindo.

Xiao, Jian. (2001). Determinants of Salary Growth in Shenzhen, China: An Analysis of Formal Education, On-the–jobtraining and Adult Education with A Three Level Model. Available at: www.t.ccolumbia.edu/counters/coce/pdf_files //d4.pdf. [Be accessed on March 14th, 2012].

Zahriyani, P. (2009). Pembangunan Pertanian di Era Globalisasi. Jakarta: PT Pelita Harapan.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9874/fia-ub.v3i3.720

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.